The Police Department of Uttar Pradesh had been established in 1861. It was also the year when the enactment of the Indian Police Act occurred. The Uttar Pradesh Police has its headquarters at Allahabad. The famous Naini prison is also allocated at Naini nearby. Unlike the administrative districts and zones the police have their own segments of influences.
The Uttar Pradesh Police divides the state into eight zones pertaining to police jurisdiction. These zones are headed by an IGP or an Inspector General of the Police. He is an officer belonging to the Indian Police Services cadre. These particular police areas are further comprised of two to three police ranges. In Uttar Pradesh there are total of eighteen police ranges. Each of these ranges has at its management helm a DIG or the officers having the rank of a Deputy Inspector General of the Police. It is these ranges that are made up of a minimum of two to a maximum of four districts contained in each of the Police ranges. There are a total of seventy five districts that come under the jurisdiction of the police in the state.
These seventy five districts are headed by an SSP or an officer of the rank of Senior Superintendent. The SSP is assisted by the Additional Superintendent of Police or the ASP. Upto the rank of SSP all ASPs as well as DSPs are trained at the state level. Thus, the Uttar Pradesh State Police cadre which is also known as the Provincial Police Service has a large presence in the state.
The number of actual officers posted also is dependent upon size of the district in terms of area and population both. For example the larger districts would be considered like Allahabad, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, Meena, Meerut, Nagar and Varanasi while the smaller districts are considered to be Baghpat, Chandauli, Kannauj, Mahoba, etc.
Each Police Station in turn is also locally headed by a Police Inspector. The Police Station is also called the ‘thana’ colloquially. The staff in the Police Station comprises the Station House Officer or SHO as well as the Sub-inspector or SI and the Assistant Sub-Inspector or the ASI. Also there are additional staff in the police station comprising the Head Constables and constables. The Police station of Uttar Pradesh is in-charge of a few chowkis. The Police Chowki is under the charge of an SI or an ASI.
The eight zones of Police in Uttar Pradesh are the Lucknow zone, the Bareilly zone, the Merrut zone, the Agra zone, the Kanpur zone, the Allahabad zone, the Varanasi zone and the Gorakhpur zone.
The Uttar Pradesh Police has a number of Units or wings of differing functional criteria. The further segregations of the Police are sub divisions. They are also called Police circles. The DSP or the Deputy Superintendent of Police is in-charge of the Circle within the jurisdiction of these circles in Uttar Pradesh fall the Police Station.
Besides, its main functional branch of the Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC). It is helped by a Special Investigation Team (SIT) and a Human Rights Cell (HRC) for dealing with delicate cases involving aggrieved parties from marginal areas.
There are two highly specialized wings called the Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS) and the Intelligence Department. They have especially trained, highly skilled personnel. Then there is the Traffic Directorate the Fire Service, the Radio Headquarters as also the Telecom wing along with the Technical Services besides the singular Government Railway Station.
These wings are further supplemented by the Anti-corruption Organization (ACO) as also the Economic offences wing (EOW). They are given special inputs from the Criminal Investigation Department (CID). Last but not the least is the Training Directorate which looks after all the training needs of the Police Department of Uttar Pradesh.
Equipment used by the Uttar Pradesh Police
Uttar Pradesh police uses the standard equipment which has been manufactured at the Ordinance factories of India. They are totally of indigenous origin. All members of the staff are equipped with wooden batons. These batons are standard issue and as much a hallmark of the Police as the uniform itself. There are certain firearms that are allowed to police personnel of various ranks. The issue of these firearms also depends upon the form of duty the police personnel have been assigned. Among these are the 303 Lee Enfield Rifle the 7.62 mm Riflle Ishapore 2A1 as including the RF IA Self loading Rifle. The latest addition is the AK 47. For field exercises and jungle combing operations there is the INSAS Rifle as also the Light Machine Gun. The Police forces of Uttar Pradesh are also the 99 SAF Carbine which is also among the standard weapons of the Uttar Pradesh Police. Most of the officers of the Police force in Uttar Pradesh have been issued by 38 Enfield No. 2MK 1 Revolver which is also another standard issue firearm which is a sidearm is the Clock 17.
This is some of the basic equipment available with the Police force of Uttar Pradesh besides other basic amenities.