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Auraiya District

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Auraiya District

On 17th September 1997 two tehsils named Auriya and Bidhun were separated from the district of Etawah to form a new district named Auriya. It is situated at National Highway 2. Auyira has 7 blocks named Ajitmal, Bhagyanagar, Sahar, Bidhuna, Avhala, Erwakatra, Auriya.

Auriya Geography


Auriya is located at  the southwest part of Uttar Pradesh at 27°30’ N and 79°40 ' E. It forms the part of Kanpur division. Auriya is bounded by district of Kannauj  on the north, Etawh district  and district of Gwalior on the west, district of Kanpur on the east and along the south lies Jalaun.The rivers and streams consist of the Yamuna and its tributaries the Chambal and kuwari , the Sengar and its tributary Sirsa, the Arind and its tributaries Ahenya, the Puraha and the Pandu. Minimum temperature during winters fall to 3°C while in summers it rises upto 45°C.

Auriya Facts & Figures



Date of formation 17th September, 1997
Area 2054 sq. km
Latitude between 78° 45" & 79° 45" East
Longitude between 26° 21" & 27° 01" North
Population (2011) 1372287
Average rainfall 792 mm
Temperature Max.: 45°C; Min.:3°C
Postal Code 206122
Number of blocks
7
STD Code 05683

History of Auriya


Ahmad shah Durrani invaded India under the Rohillas in 1760. He was opposed by the Marathas in the year 1761 in the field of Panipat and defeated them. Maratha chief Govind Rao Pandit lost his life with others in this battle. Before his departure from India, the Durrani chief consigned large tracts of country to the Rohilla chieftains,and while Dhunde khan received Shikohabad, Inayat khan, son of Hafiz rehmat khan received the district of Etawah. Which was then in possession of Marathas and accordingly in 1762 a Rohilla force was sent under Mullah Mohsin khan to wrest the assigned property from Marathas. Kishan rao pandit and Bala rao pandit oppose this force near the town of Etawah but were defeated and and were compelled to seek safety across Yamuna. Siege was then laid to the fort of Etawah by Mohsin khan, but the fort was soon surrendered by its commander and the district fell in the hands of Rohillas.

The occupation however was merely nominal at first, the Zamindars refused to pay revenue to Inayat khan and ,secure in the mud fort. Strong reinforcement was sent to Rohillas, including some  artillery under Sheikh kuber and Mullah Baz Khan and many forts were leveled to the ground but in their fortresses the zamindars of kamait still resisted the authority of Inayat khan. Inayat khan and hafiz rehmat then came personally to Etawah and the zamindars were vigorously pressed to pay the revenues to Inayat khan, ultimately Annual tribute was agreed to be given.

In 1766, the Marathas under Mulhar Rao, who had been awaiting their opportunity, once more crossed the Jamuna and attacked Phaphund, where a Rohilla force under Muhammad Hasan Khan( eldest son of Mohsin Khan), was posted. when Hafiz Rahmat  received this news he advanced from Bareilly to oppose the Marathas. He was joined near Phaphund by Sheikh Kuber, the Rohilla governor of Etawah, and prepared to give battle; but Mulhar Rao refused to risk an engagement and once more retired across the Jamuna. The ambitions Najib-ud-Daula had been considerably irritated by the intervention of the Rohillas on behalf of Ahmad Khan Bangladesh in 1762; and though he had been too busily engaged otherwise to pursue his plans of revenge before, he began in 1770 to plot the downfall of Hafiz Rahmat Khan.

Accordingly a Maratha army was invited to Delhi for the purpose of first wresting Farrukhabad from Ahmad Khan and of afterwards invading Rohikhand. The united forces of Najib-ud-Daula and the Marathas advanced from Delhi; but at Koil  Najib-ud-daula fell ill and returned, leaving his eldest son, Zabita Khan to operate with the Marathas. Zabita Khan however, was by no means disposed to fight against his brother Afghans. The Marathas, knowing this, kept him practically a prisoner in their camp and he requested Hafiz Rahmat Khan to obtain his release. Hafiz Rahmat Khan accordingly opened negotiations with the Marathas for the release of Zabita Khan; but the Maratha leaders demanded as their price the surrender of the jagirs of Etawah and Shikohabad. Hafiz Rahmat Khan was not disposed to agree to those terms, and while negotiations were proceeding for buying off  the Marathas Zabita Khan escaped. Several desultory engagements now took place between the Marathas and the Afghan forces. Inayat khan was summoned by his father to Farrukhabad in order that he might be consulted regarding the surrendering of his jagirs. But although Dhunde Khan agreed to give up Shikohabad Inayat Khan refused to surrender Etawah.

Ultimately, disgusted with his father's arrangements he returned to Bareilly, and his father on his own responsibility sent orders to Sheikh Kuber, the Rohilla governor of Etawah, to surrender the fort to the Marathas. The Marathas now marched to Etawah, but as the orders had not yet reached him Sheikh Kuber gave them battle. Several desperate assaults were made on the fort of Etawah which were all beaten off, but finally it was handed over to the Marathas in accordance with hafiz Rahmat Khan's orders, and the Rohillas quit the district, leaving it once more in the hands of the Marathas. Later in the same year, 1771, the Marathas advanced to Delhi and reinstated the emperor Shah Alam, who had cast in his lot with them, on the throne. They were now masters of the empire and Zabita Khan determined to oppose them. Assembling his forces, he attacked the Marathas near Delhi but was signally defeated, and in 1772 the Marathas overran a large portion of Rohilkhand and captured Najafgarh, where Zabita Khan's family resided and his treasure lay.

 Zabita Khan then solicited the aid of Shuja-ud-Daula, Nawab Wazir of Oudh; but the Nawab declined to interfere unless Hafiz Rahmat Khan applied on his behalf. Negotiations were commenced with Shah Alam and the Marathas for the restoration of Zabita Khan's family and the evacuation of Rohilkhand. The Marathas agreed to accept 40 lakhs of rupees, provided that Shuja-ud-daula made himself responsible for the payment; but Shuja-ud-daula now declined to enter into any such engagement unless Hafiz Rahmat Khan gave him a bond for the money. To this Hafiz Rahmat Khan consented, the bond was signed and the Marathas retired from Rohilkhand. In 1773, the Marathas proposed to attack Shuja-ud-daula and attempted to gain the help of Hifaz Rahmat Khan. The latter refused to him them. Instead he sent information to Shuja-ud-daula concerning what he had done, and on the strength of this requested restoration of his bond. Shuja-ud-daula expressed his approval of Hafiz Rahmat Khan's conduct and promised the restitution of the bond when the Marathas as had been defeated. The Marathas were defeated soon after at Asadpur by the combined forces of Shuja-ud-daula and Hafiz Rahmat Khan, with the result that they quitted not only Rohilkhand but Delhi also.

Shuja-ud-daula then returned to Oudh, but denied ever having promised to restore the bond. He next seduced many of the Afghan Rohillas from their allegiance to Hafiz Rahmat Khan, and then proceeded to eject the Maratha garrisons from Etawah and Shikohabad in spite of Rahmat Khan's remonstrance. He ever went further and called on Hafiz Rahmat Khan to discharge the balance of 35 lakhs due on the bond. This was only a pretext for provoking hostilities for which purpose the Nawab had already begun to assemble an army; and Hafiz Rahmat Khan having failed to pay up, the Nawab advanced to the Ganges. The last scene in the tangled history of the period closed with the defeat of Hafiz Rahmat Khan by Shuja-ud-daula who was aided by a British force, at the battle of Miranpur Katra in the Shahjahanpur district on April 23 1774 Etawah under the Oudh Government.

From 1774 to 1801, the district of Etawah remained under the government of Oudh. Little occurred to disturb it during this period and little is known regarding its history. For many years the administration of the district was in the hands of Mian Almas Ali Khan. Ails were stationed, we know, at Etawah, Kudarkot and Phaphunnd. One of those who held office at the last named placed was Raja Bhagmal or Baramal. The latter was by Caste a Jat and was sister's son to Almas Ali Khan, who was by birth a Hindu but was subsequently made a eunuch and converted to Islam. Raja Bhagmal built the fort at Phaphund and the old mosque which still bears an inscription recording thenamed of donor. Almas Ali Khan was, recording to Colonie Sleeman,"the greatest and best man" Oudh ever produced; be amassed great wealth, but having no descendant, he spent his money for the benefit of the people committed to his charge. He held court occasionally at Kudarkot where he built a fort, of which the massive ruins still remain. At Etawah the amils are said to have resided in the fort; but the building was destroyed by Shuja-ud-daula in consequence of the representations of the Etawah townspeople that, so long as the amils occupied such an impregnable residence, they would never do anything but oppress the people.

Auriya Infrastructure


The district of Auraiya is located in the southwestern portion of the state of Uttar Pradeshwith HQ at Auraiya. It is bounded on the north by the districts of Kannauj, on the west by Etawah district and Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. The eastern frontier marches with the district of Kanpur Dehat, and along the south lie Jalaun. The economy is mainly based on small scale industries, trade and commerce. Gram, paddy, pulses and oil seeds are main trade items. Production of handloom cloth has also increased and it  is now one of the main trade centre of handloom cloth.

Tourist Places in Auriya


The national Chambal Sanctuary, famous for the rare Gangetic dolphin, is a place of interest and is just 30 km from Auriya.

How to Reach Auriya


By Air : Auriya is just 100 km from Kanpur airport.
 
By Rail : Auriya is situated at a distance of  373 km from the national capital new Delhi.  Nearest rail head is at Etawah (60 km), Kanpur central (96 km) nearest railway station is dibyapur (20 km).

By Road : Road distance or driving distance from Kanpur to Auraiya is 92 kms total travel time is approx. 1 hour 16 min.

Distance of Auriya from other places



Kanpur dehat37km
Delhi373 km
Jalaun
44 km
Etawah 66 km
Agra
 90 km

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