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Varanasi District


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Varanasi District

Varanasi is also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras or Kashi or Kasi is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the River Ganga. It is one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world, dating back thousands of years and contemporaneous with the Sumer civilisation.The city is called Kasi, "the luminous" in the Rigveda. It is often also referred to as "city of temples and learning".

The Varanasi City is the district headquarters of the Varanasi district. Varanasi is also renowned for its rich tapestry of music, arts, crafts and education. Varanasi abounds in the art of silk weaving, an exotic work of art which manifests itself in precious Banarasi Silk Sarees and Silk brocades which are cherished as collector’s items across the world today.

Important Rivers

Varuna, Ganga and Assi rivers flow through the district.


Varanasi has a humid subtropical climate with high variation between summer and winter temperatures.

Summers are long, from early April till October, with the monsoon season in between. The average temperature in summers is 32°C–46°C. Winters are from December to February. The average temperature in winters is 5°C–15°C.

The average annual rainfall is 1110 mm (44 in). Fog is common in winter while hot dry winds called loo blow in summer. The city is relatively free from the air pollution.


Shri Kashi Vishwanath Mandir, Sarnath, New Vishwanath Temple, Kal Bhairav, Sankatha Temple, Mritunjay Mahadev Temple, Tulsi Manas Temple, Durga Temple, Sankatmochan Temple, Bharat Mata Temple.


Sarnath, Ramnagar, Vindhyachal, Chunar Fort, Kaushambi, handraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaimoor Wildlife Sanctuary, Jaunpur.

Facts & Figures

Area1550.3 Sq. K.M.
Latitude25º 14’N - 25º 23.5’N
Longitude82º 56’E - 83º 03’E
Population (2001)3,147,927
Population density1995 Per Sq. K.M.
Sex Ratio908
Literacy Rate67.09%
No. of Tehsil02
No. of Blocks08
No. of Towns04
No. of Villages1336
Average rainfall1110 mm
TemperatureMax.: 48.8 C ; Min.: 4.8 C
Postal Code221001
STD Code0542

How to Reach

By Air : The nearest airport is Babatpur, 22 km from Varanasi and 30 Km from Sarnath. Direct flights for Varanasi are available from Delhi, Agra, Khajurao, Calcutta, Mumbai, Lucknow and Bhuvaneshwar airports.

By Rail : Varanasi and Mughal Sarai (one of the main railway stations of Varanasi) are the important rail junctions, with train connections to all major cities of India. Some important trains are : Rajdhani Exp ( Hawrah - Mughal Sarai - New Delhi); Toofan Exp ( Howrah - Mughal Sarai - Delhi); North East Superfast Exp ( Delhi - Mughal Sarai Guwahati) ; Magadh Exp ( Delhi - Mughal Sarai Patna) ; Mahanagari Exp ( Varanasi - Mumbai ) ; Pawan Exp ( Varanasi - Mumbai ) ; Sabarmati Exp ( Varanasi - Ahmedabad) ; Ganga Kaveri Exp ( Varanasi - Chennai) ; Poorwa Exp ( Howrah - Varanasi - Delhi) Himgiri Exp ( Jammu - Varanasi - Howrah ) ; Sealdah Exp ( Varanasi - Jammu Tawi).

By Rail : Varanasi, on NH 2 from Calcutta to Delhi, NHZ to Kanya Kumari and NH 29 to Gorakhpur is well connected to the rest of the country by good motorable roads. some of the major road distances are : Agra - 565 km, Allahabad - 128 km, Bhopal - 791 km, Bodhgaya - 240 km, Kanpur - 330 km, Khajuraho - 405 km, Lucknow - 286, Patna - 246 km, Sarnath - 10 Km.

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