Climate of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh being a large and wide spread state there is a whole range
of temperatures experienced over the entire land. In some parts it has a
semi-arid climate and in others it has humid and a highly subtropical
type of climate. Largely comprising the vast Gangetic plain, the wide
variety of temperatures can be seen to fluctuate from 00
C to 500
Temperature of Uttar Pradesh
temperature variations are very great in Uttar Pradesh. This is
evidenced in the successive Heat Waves and Cold Waves experienced in
certain parts of the State. The heat wave has been observed to strike
different districts virtually every year. In 2007, it was Banda district
when a high of 45.50
C temperature had sixty two people succumbing to
the heat. In 2009, it was Bundelkhand district that experienced the
highest temperature of 490
C and claimed thirty people who fell to severe
heatstroke. In 2010, it was Jhansi district that recorded the highest
temperatures of 46.70
C in the state. Thus, the heat wave is a recurrent
phenomenon of Uttar Pradesh.
waves are another annual feature which has become quite a regular
feature of the State. Temperatures struck a low 2.80
C in the end of 2007
and the start of the year 2008. In late 2009 as well the temperatures
were at 2.90
C and this condition carried on to the winter months of 2010
and 2011. Meerut district seems to be regularly targeted by the cold
waves while in 2011 it was Churk, a town in Mirzapur that claimed the
maximum lives for the cold waves taking the temperature to the lowest of
Rainfall in Uttar Pradesh
To a large extent
the state experiences either floods or drought due to highly erratic
and totally unpredictable rainfall. Basically, the climate of a place
signifies the average weather conditions experienced by a place.
According to the Koppen system of climate assessment the climate
experienced by Uttar Pradesh is the tropical monsoon type or even more
precisely as the humid sub-tropical climate having a dry, semi-dry
winter. Based on its climate the seasons experienced in Uttar Pradesh
are the summer season that lasts for the months of March, April and May
followed by the onset of the South-West Monsoon which continues through
the months of June end, through July, August and September and in some
cases it even continues up to October with the onset of the winter
season which in turn goes on from November, December onto even January.
Very few showers are existent in winter.
The rainfall in
Uttar Pradesh is most erratic giving it a semi-arid to arid outlook
almost all over barring a few wet patches. Precipitation is marked by
rainfall hailstones, frost and dew.
The types of rainfall
experienced are orographic, cyclonic and conventional. Given the
differentials of excessive and scanty rain it is interesting to note
that Uttar Pradesh is commonly prone to floods and droughts.
floods are caused mostly because of the overflowing of the main rivers
of this Gangetic plain which are Ganga, Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomti, Sharda,
Ghaghra, Rapti and the Gandak.
Droughts of Uttar Pradesh have
taken a heavy toll in terms of human capital as well as economy in 2002
and again in 2004. The financial estimate of losses was estimated at USD
1.2 billion for each. A significant feature of the droughts of Uttar
Pradesh is that they follow a repetitive cycle every six to eight years
in the eastern Uttar Pradesh areas and a recurrent ten year cycle in the
western Uttar Pradesh regions.
Another significant feature of
the climate of Uttar Pradesh is the presence of the hot dry winds called
loo. These winds are dust laden and can easily scald human skin. They
can even dry up crops in summer. Also thick fog is a persistent feature
of the peak winter season of Uttar Pradesh. The fog is so thick that it
affords zero visibility.