Jaunpur was of great importance during medieval times. It was founded in the 14th century by Feroz Shah Tuglaq to perpetuate the memory of his cousin Sultan Mohammad whose real name was Jauna.
Jaunpur was also an important centre of Islamic studies. While its architectural heritage speaks of its illustrious past, the city is known today for its Jasmine oil, tobacco leaves, raddish and imarti, a sweetmeat.
Atala Masjid was started in 1377 but completed only in 1408 in the reign of Ibrahim Sharquie. This mosque represents the earliest and finest example of Sharquie architecture, and conforms to the general plan of the orthodox mosque.
Its most distinguishing feature is the original treatment of the facade of its prayer-hall composed of three large ornamental archways, the central one of which soaring to 23 mts, is gigantic.
Jami Masjid is the last great mosque of Jaunpur and also it’s largest. The Jami Masjid was built by Hussain Shah in 1458-78. In plan and design it is a larger version of the Atala Mosque. The imposing structure, raised on a high platform, encloses a courtyard of 66 mtr by 64.5 mtr. The interior of the prayer hall is topped by a lofty dome.
Lal Darwaza Masjid
The construction of Lal Darwaza Masjid, said to have taken place around 1450, is attributed to Bibi Raji, the queen of Sultan Mahmud Shah. It is built on a much smaller area than the Atala Masjid.
Khalis Mukhlis Masjid
Khalis Mukhlis Masjid was constructed by Malik Mukhlis and Khalis in 1417.
Shahi Bridge was constructed by Munim Khan in 1568 this picturesque old bridge spans the Gomti river.
Shitla Choukiya Dham
Shitla Choukiya Dham is the famous, ancient temple of Jaunpur and is dedicated to Shitla Mata.
Yamdagni Ashram is a religious centre; this ashram is closely associated with the life of sage Parashuram.
Other places of interest include Shahi Qil, Khwab-gah, Dargah Chishti, Pan-e-Sharif, Jahangiri Masjid, Akbari Bridge and the tombs of the Sharquie Sultans.
How to reach
By Air : The nearest airport is at Varanasi Babatpur Airport 38 km.
By Rail : Located on the Lucknow Varanasi : Mughal Sarai section of Northern Railway, Jaunpur is serviced by the following trains :
- 3283/3284 Ganga Yamuna Exp (Delhi-Varanasi / Danapur)
- 4649/4650 Saryu Yamuna Exp (Delhi-Varanasi)
- 2427/2428 Varanasi Lucknow Varuna Exp.
- 3483/3484 Farakka Exp.
- 2401/2402 Shramjeevi Express.
By Road : Jaunpur is well connected by road. Some of the major road distances are :
Varanasi - 58 km. Ayodhya - 142 km, Allahabad - 110 km, Lucknow 228 km, Gorakhpur - 166 km.