Railways in Uttar Pradesh
Railways are the largest and the cheapest form of transport
for millions of people whom it ferries from one corner of the country to another. It caters to the transport demands of more than 200 million inhabitants of UP.
Railways play a very significant role in the economic development of Uttar Pradesh. It has the largest network of railway lines and infrastructure for moving people and products from within the state as well as outside. Uttar Pradesh has 8546 km length of railway track reaching to nearly the 6th highest density of the lines falling in the state territory. Around 2575 km of track out of this big layout has been converted into broad gauge.
The railways in UP are controlled by three Zones, viz. NER divided into Lucknow
, Izzatnagar and Varanasi
divisions, NCR into Allahabad
, Agra and Jhansi, and NR with its Lucknow and Moradabad divisions falling in UP. All these three zones run some important trains within their areas of operation that handle the interests of UP.
Uttar Pradesh is mainly served by the North Central Railway which is called the Workhorse of Indian Railways. The NCR is also called the heartbeat of Indian Railways. Ghaziabad
lies to the North of NCR from where it starts and goes up to Mughalsara
i in the East. This is the Howrah-Delhi trunk route that falls within UP. Another major route that runs through UP and served by NCR is the Delhi-Mumbai-Chennai route. Both these routes are mainly double line broad gauge electrified routes in UP.
There are 427 railway stations in UP. Kanpur
is the busiest railway station on the Howrah-Delhi route. It holds the record of having the largest route interlocking system in the world. Kanpur is also the busiest railway station of UP. It caters to the arrival and departure of more than 280 trains every day. This large train-traffic serves a great number of commuters and regular passengers travelling to other parts of the state and outside. This is the life line for about 150000 passengers per day. This station has also been included in the list of ‘50 world class stations’ to be developed by the railways in India. There are 4 more stations in the list falling in UP. These are Varanasi, Agra Cantt, Gorakhpur and Mathura Junction
The Railways are extremely important for UP because it connect its tourist centres, important pilgrimage places and commercial centres of UP like Varanasi, Sarnath, Allahabad, Ayodhya, Ranikhet, Agra, Mathura, Vrindavan, Fatehpur Sikri, Moradabad, Kanpur, Faridabad, Kausani Dudhwa and Meerut with Delhi and the state capital Lucknow.
Uttar Pradesh is connected with other state capitals and major towns of India with all types of mail, express and intercity trains. It also has special trains for fast connectivity like Rajdhani, Shatabdi etc. The important Rajdhani trains from New Delhi to Dibrugarh, New Delhi to Howrah, New Delhi to Patna, New Delhi to Sialdah, New Delhi to Ranchi and New Delhi to Guwahati run via Kanpur and 3 other trains connecting Bengaluru, Chennai and Secunderabad run via Jhansi. A host of Shatabdi trains also run to connect Agra to Jaipur and Delhi, Kanpur to Delhi and Lucknow to Delhi.
The important stations connecting UP with other parts of the country and inside are Kanpur, Allahabad, Lucknow, Varanasi, Mugalsarai, Jhansi, Jaunpur, Sultanpur, Faizabad, Bareilly, Moradabad, Gonda, Sitapur, Saharanpur, and Muzaffarnagar. These are junctions connecting all points of compass in UP.
Some important contacts of NCR are given below.General Manager
NCR Head Office
Ph-0532-2230200Divisional Railway Manager Allahabad
Nawab Yusuf Road
Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgDivisional Railway Manager Agra
Office of DRM
Ph-0562-2421200Divisional Railway Manager Jhansi
Office of DRM
Ph-0517-2440324Divisional Railway Manager Izzatnagar
North Eastern Railway
Ph-0581-2515129Divisional Railway Manager Varanasi
North Eastern Railway
Ph-91+97714435508Divisional Railway Manager Gorakhpur
Office of the DRM